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Table 2 Symptom prevalence and symptom experience in older people with multi-morbidity

From: Symptom burden in community-dwelling older people with multimorbidity: a cross-sectional study

   Symptom experience
Symptoms Prevalence n/(%) High frequency n/(%)a High severity. n/(%)b High distress n/(%)c
N 378 (%)     
Pain 253 (67) 164 (43) 117 (31) 132 (35)
Dry mouth 193 (51) 103 (27) 55 (15) 49 (13)
Lack of energy 189 (50) 122 (32) 81 (21) 94 (25)
Numbness/tingling in hands/feet 178 (47) 95 (25) 57 (15) 57 (15)
Feeling drowsy 158 (42) 52 (14) 34 (9) 38 (10)
Dizziness 156 (41) 65 (17) 59 (16) 61 (16)
Difficulty sleeping 153 (40) 92 (24) 64 (17) 56 (15)
Shortness of breath 149 (39) 68 (18) 59 (16) 55 (15)
Feeling sad 138 (36) 46 (12) 54 (14) 48 (13)
Worrying 136 (36) 38 (10) 45 (12) 39 (10)
Swelling of arms or legs 130 (35) N/A 32 (8) 30 (8)
Cough 129 (34) 43 (11) 31 (8) 34 (9)
Itching 118 (31) 48 (13) 38 (10) 32 (8)
Problems with urination 104 (28) 71 (19) 43 (11) 44 (12)
Feeling nervous 103 (27) 36 (10) 28 (7) 31 (8)
Changes in skin 102 (27) N/A 13 (3) 18 (5)
Feeling bloated 92 (24) 45 (12) 37 (10) 34 (9)
Feeling irritable 85 (23) 25 (7) 21 (6) 18 (5)
Constipation 79 (21) N/A 33 (9) 30 (8)
Difficulty concentrating 74 (20) 21 (6) 23 (6) 25 (7)
Sweating 71 (19) 26 (7) 19 (5) 19 (5)
Lack of appetite 69 (18) 43 (11) 22 (6) 17 (4)
Diarrhea 60 (16) 22 (6) 34 (9) 30 (8)
Difficulty swallowing 54 (14) 31 (8) 25 (7) 24 (6)
Nausea 52 (14) 14 (4) 17 (5) 17 (5)
Change in the way food tastes 43 (11) N/A 10 (3) 8 (2)
Mouth sores 42 (11) N/A 14 (4) 14 (4)
Weight loss 28 (7) N/A 7 (2) 7 (2)
"I don’t look like myself" 23 (6) N/A 10 (3) 11 (3)
Hair loss 19 (5) N/A 6 (2) 6 (2)
Vomiting 14 (4) 1 (0,3) 5 (1) 5 (1)
  1. aPercentage of people with the symptom reporting a high frequency = "frequently" or "almost constantly." bPercentage of people with symptom reporting high severity = "severe" or "very severe." cPercentage of people with the symptom reporting a high distress "quite a bit" or "very much." N/A = Not Applicable.