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Table 1 Total demography data and sub-groups comparison (with/without depressive symptoms)

From: Late-life depression and quality of life in a geriatric evaluation and management unit: an exploratory study

Paraemeters Total Depressed (GDS 5) Non-depressed (GDS < 5) Compare depressed and non-depressed
n = 471 n = 256 n = 215
Basic information Mean ± S.D. or n (%) Mean ± S.D. or n (%) Mean ± S.D. or n (%) p value
 Age 80.35 ± 6.14 80.79 ± 5.98 79.82 ± 6.30 0.089(a)
 Gender (Male) 344 (73.0) 183 (71.5) 161 (74.9) 0.408(c)
Education     0.438(b)
 Below elementary school 142 (30.1) 77 (30.1) 65 (30.2)  
 Elementary school 144 (30.6) 82 (32.0) 62 (28.8)  
 Junior high school 57 (12.1) 25 (9.8) 32 (14.9)  
 Senior high school 76 (16.1) 45 (17.6) 31 (14.4)  
 Above college 52 (11.0) 27 (10.5) 25 (11.6)  
Refer source     0.042(b)
 General ward 127 (27.0) 58 (22.7) 69 (32.1)  
 Out patient clinic 199 (42.3) 122 (47.7) 77 (35.8)  
 Emergency department 120 (25.5) 64 (25.0) 56 (26.0)  
 Psychiatric department 25 (5.3) 12 (4.7) 13 (6)  
Hospital stay (Days) 13.22 ± 9.38 13.61 ± 9.18 12.75 ± 9.62 0.325(a)
Charlson Comorbidity Index 3.65 ± 2.97 3.66 ± 3.00 3.62 ± 2.96 0.986(c)
On admission     
 GDS on admission 5.65 ± 3.76 8.36 ± 2.73 2.35 ± 1.29 <0.001(c)
 MMSE on admission 21.99 ± 5.77 21.03 ± 5.53 23.13 ± 5.86 <0.001(c)
 ADL on admission 61.94 ± 31.57 57.68 ± 31.03 67.01 ± 31.53 <0.001(c)
On discharge     
 ADL on discharge 69 ± 30.13 65.21 ± 30.15 73.51 ± 29.55 <0.001(c)
 EQ-5D on discharge 8.09 ± 2.59 8.61 ± 2.58 7.46 ± 2.46 <0.001(c)
 EQ-5D-VAS on discharge 62.32 ± 21.89 57.58 ± 21.25 67.96 ± 21.33 <0.001(c)
  1. (a)Independent-Sample T Test a = 0.05.
  2. (b)Chi-Square Test.
  3. (c)Mann–Whitney U Test.