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Table 4 Prevalence of specific chronic diseases among individuals assigned to each multimorbidity pattern by sex and age group

From: Age and gender differences in the prevalence and patterns of multimorbidity in the older population

Patterns Diseases included in the pattern Men Women
65-74 75-84 ≥85 Total 65-74 75-84 ≥85 Total
(%) (%) (%) (%) (%) (%) (%) (%)
   N = 15,338 N = 11,121 N = 2,902 N = 29,361 N = 18,945 N = 17,501 N = 7,008 N = 43,454
CM Atherosclerosis 10.3 12 11 11.1 --- --- --- ---
Cardiac arrhythmia 15.2 22.5 28.4 19.9 13.2 21.5 33.9 20.6
Congestive heart failure 3 8.6 15.8 6.9 4.7 10 20.8 9.9
Diabetes 62.6 56.4 45.2 57.9 63.1 59.1 49.2 58.8
Gout 7.3 5.8 6.7 6.6 --- --- --- ---
Hematologic disorders 8.5 9.9 8.2 9.1 7.3 10.3 9.5 9.1
Hypertension 86.5 82.9 77 83.8 92.2 91.6 88.6 91.3
Ischemic heart disease --- --- --- --- 8.7 12.5 14.5 11.5
Iron deficiency 9.9 17.7 29.3 15.5 --- --- --- ---
Obesity 15.7 7.9 5.4 11.1 29.8 18.1 7.4 20.4
Other cardiovascular disorders 6.9 9.3 9.2 8.2 --- --- --- ---
MEC Anxiety and neuroses 25.6 24.3 32.9 25.8 31.9 33.7 38.8 33.4
Arthropathy 45.8 49 42.8 46.9 40.8 47 46.5 43.9
Cervical pain 12.2 12.4 7.3 11.8 9.9 8.1 5.7 8.7
Dermatitis y eczema 31.2 28.7 32.9 30.3 15 15.3 18.1 15.4
Disorders lipid metabolism --- --- --- --- 45.8 38.8 32.2 41.5
Diverticular disease colon --- --- --- --- 2.6 3.2 4.5 3
Gastroesophageal reflux 10.2 10.1 9.6 10.1 7.5 8.6 9.1 8.1
Low back pain 48.5 47.1 40.4 47.2 38.7 38.2 35.4 38.2
Osteoporosis 4.6 6.3 8.3 5.7 32.5 28.9 22.3 30
Prostatic hypertrophy 47.4 50.3 53.4 49.2 --- --- --- ---
Thyroid disease --- --- --- --- 17.9 15.2 14.4 16.4
Varicose veins --- --- --- --- 15.5 18.6 19.5 17.2
PG Behaviour problems 16.3 12.5 15.7 14.1 --- --- --- ---
Cardiac arrhythmia --- --- --- --- 50.7 45.7 42 45
Cerebrovascular disease 46.7 36.6 32 37.2 25.1 26.5 25.4 25.9
Chronic ulcer of the skin 17 23.6 21.8 21.8 17.5 17.3 29.9 22.2
Congestive heart failure 17.8 28.3 30 26.7 30.3 30.1 27.1 29
Dementia and delirium 31.1 39.1 48.2 40.1 38.4 44.4 49.9 45.7
Iron deficiency 48.9 49.3 47.7 48.8 50.2 50.7 45.8 48.7
Osteoporosis 17.8 11.4 9.6 12.1 --- --- --- ---
Parkinson’s disease 15.6 14.7 16.8 15.4 --- --- --- ---
  1. CM: cardiometabolic, MEC: mechanical, PG: psychogeriatric.