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Table 2 Use of CAM preparations, non-pharmaceutical therapies, and underlying diseases

From: Use of complementary and alternative medicine by older adults – a cross-sectional survey

Use Total Self-reliant Home care service Nursing home
    Total Without legal guardian With legal guardian Total Without legal guardian With legal guardian
  % (n) % (n) % (n) % (n) % (n) % (n) % (n) % (n)
Use of CAM preparations
Any preparation 61.3 (245) 52.6 (81) 75.3 (73) 78.0 (71) 33.3 (2) 61.1 (91) 57.3 (63) 71.8 (28)
Dietary supplements 35.5 (142) 31.2 (48) 45.4 (44) 48.4 (44) 0 (0) 33.6 (50) 22.7 (25) 64.1 (25)
Herbal therapy 33.3 (133) 35.7 (55) 52.6 (51) 56.0 (51) 0 (0) 18.1 (27) 23.6 (26) 2.6 (1)
External applications 26.8 (107) 16.9 (26) 41.2 (40) 41.8 (38) 33.3 (2) 27.5 (41) 34.5 (38) 7.7 (3)
Homeopathy 8.0 (32) 11.7 (18) 10.3 (10) 11.0 (10) 0 (0) 2.7 (4) 3.6 (4) 0 (0)
Juices (vegetable/fruit) 1.5 (6) 1.3 (2) 3.1 (3) 3.3 (3) 0 (0) 0.7 (1) 0.9 (1) 0 (0)
Other 1.5 (6) 1.9 (3) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 2.0 (3) 1.8 (2) 2.6 (1)
Diseases for which medication is used
Cardiovascular diseases 26.8 (107) 31.8 (49) 40.2 (39) 42.9 (39) 0 (0) 12.8 (19) 17.3 (19) 0 (0)
Chronic pain 24.5 (98) 27.9 (43) 38.1 (37) 39.6 (36) 16.7 (1) 12.1 (18) 15.5 (17) 2.6 (1)
Gastrointestinal diseases 14.0 (56) 16.2 (25) 24.7 (24) 26.4 (24) 0 (0) 4.7 (7) 6.4 (7) 0 (0)
Endocrine diseases 10.3 (41) 10.4 (16) 18.6 (18) 18.7 (17) 16.7 (1) 4.7 (7) 6.4 (7) 0 (0)
Psychological disorders 7.0 (28) 9.1 (14) 12.4 (12) 13.2 (12) 0 (0) 1.3 (2) 1.8 (2) 0 (0)
Metabolic diseases 3.3 (13) 5.8 (9) 3.1 (3) 3.3 (3) 0 (0) 0.7 (1) 0.9 (1) 0 (0)
Other 45.3 (181) 42.9 (66) 57.7 (56) 60.4 (55) 16.7 (1) 39.6 (59) 47.3 (52) 17.9 (7)
Not stated 5.0 (20) n/a 0 (0) n/a 0 (0) 13.4 (20) n/a 51.3 (20)
Use of non-pharmaceutical therapies
Any therapy 60.5 (242) 50.7 (78) 64.9 (63) 65.9 (60) 50.0 (3) 67.8 (101) 69.1 (76) 64.1 (25)
Physical therapy 41.3 (165) 50.6 (78) 49.5 (48) 49.5 (45) 50.0 (3) 20.1 (39) 23.6 (26) 33.3 (13)
Acupuncture/Chinese Medicine 4.5 (18) 9.1 (14) 4.1 (4) 4.4 (4) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0)
Chiropractic/manual therapy/osteopathy/physiotherapy 4.5 (18) 7.8 (12) 6.2 (6) 6.6 (6) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0)
Occupational therapy/logopedics 2.8 (11) n/a 1.0 (1) n/a 16.7 (1) 6.7 (10) n/a 25.6 (10)
Other 35.8 (143) 20.8 (32) 34.0 (33) 35.2 (32) 16.7 (1) 52.3 (78) 57.3 (63) 38.5 (15)
  1. Percent of valid answers of the respective group. Multiple answers allowed.