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Table 1 Demographic data

From: Use of complementary and alternative medicine by older adults – a cross-sectional survey

Demographics Total Self-reliant Home care service Nursing home
    Total Without legal guardian With legal guardian Total Without legal guardian With legal guardian
  % (n) % (n) % (n) % (n) % (n) % (n) % (n) % (n)
Participantsa 100.0 (400) 38.5 (154) 24.3 (97) 22.8 (91) 1.5 (6) 37.3 (149) 27.5 (110) 9.8 (39)
Age (years, mean ± SD) 81.8 ± 7.4 79.8 ± 7.1 82.1 ± 6.6 82.5 ± 6.1 76.0 ± 10.5 83.8 ± 7.7 83.7 ± 8.2 84.2 ± 6.3
Female 78.5 (310) 78.8 (119) 84.2 (80) 88.8 (79) 28.2 (11) 74.5 (111) 75.5 (83) 71.8 (28)
Living with partner 21.7 (76) 25.3 (38) 24.4 (22) 24.4 (22) n/a 14.6 (16) 14.6 (16) n/a
  Approved care, any levelc 58.4 (227) 9.7 (14) 70.5 (67) 70.8 (63) 66.7 (4) 98.0 (146) 98.2 (108) 97.4 (38)
  Approved care level Ib,d 52.4 (118) 85.7 (12) 58.2 (39) 58.7 (37) 50.0 (2) 46.5 (67) 55.7 (59) 21.1 (8)
  Approved care level IIb,e 39.1 (88) 14.3 (2) 38.8 (26) 38.1 (24) 50.0 (2) 41.7 (60) 44.3 (47) 34.2 (13)
  Approved care level IIIb,f 8.4 (19) 0 (0) 3.0 (2) 3.2 (2) 0 (0) 11.8 (17) 0 (0) 44.7 (17)
Statutory health insurance 93.1 (359) 85.7 (126) 96.7 (87) 96.5 (82) 100.0 (5) 98.7 (146) 99.1 (109) 97.4 (37)
Private health insurance 6.8 (26) 15.3 (21) 3.3 (3) 3.5 (3) 0 (0) 1.4 (2) 0.9 (1) 2.6 (1)
>10 years of school 12.1 (42) 21.1 (31) 5.6 (5) 5.6 (5) n/a 5.5 (6) 5.5 (6) n/a
Metropolitan area (Berlin) 50.3 (201) 61.7 (95) 47.4 (46) 44.0 (40) 100.0 (6) 40.3 (60) 47.3 (52) 20.5 (8)
Rural area (Brandenburg) 49.7 (199) 38.3 (59) 52.6 (51) 56.0 (51) 0 (0) 59.7 (89) 52.7 (58) 79.5 (31)
  1. Percent of valid answers of the respective group; apercent of total study population; bpercent of older adults with approved care level.
  2. cCare levels according to German law (§ 15 SGB XI). dRequires help ≥1×/d for ≥2 performances with body care, food or mobility, plus several times per week with household. The average duration of ≥90 min/d includes ≥45 min of basic care [11]. eRequires help ≥3×/d at different times with body care, food or mobility, plus several times per week with household. The average duration of ≥3 hrs/d includes ≥2 hrs of basic care [12]. fRequires help around the clock with body care, food or mobility, plus several times per week with household. The average duration of ≥5 hrs/d includes ≥4 hrs of basic care [13].