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Table 3 Fall and non-fall-participant characteristics (percentages or means (±SD))

From: Association between anemia and falls in community-dwelling older people: cross-sectional results from the KORA-Age study

Variable Fall participants (n = 143) Non fall participants (n = 824) p-value (t-test/Chi-square test)
  All Male (n = 52) Female (n = 91) All Male (n = 438) Female (n = 386) All Male Female
Mean Age, y 78.3 (7.3) 78.0 (7.5) 78.4 (7.2) 75.6 (6.3) 75.7 (6.2) 75.5 (6.3) <.0001 0.0368 0.0004
Mean hemoglobin, g/dL 13.2 (1.2) 13.7 (1.4) 12.9 (0.9) 13.6 (1.3) 14.0 (1.3) 13.1 (1.1) 0.0005 0.1592 0.0880
Anemia,% [12] 21.7 28.9 17.6 17.0 18.5 15.3 0.1750 0.0753 0.5881
Mean hematocrit, % 38.8 (3.4) 40.4 (3.9) 37.9 (2.7) 39.8 (3.7) 41.1 (3.7) 38.4 (3.1) 0.0014 0.2190 0.1529
Multimorbidity, % 12.6 11.5 13.2 7.8 8.7 6.7 0.0561 0.4948 0.0409
Disability, % 41.3 34.6 45.1 21.7 16.7 27.5 <.0001 0.0017 0.0011
Frailty, % 52.5 46.2 56.0 39.6 41.3 37.6 0.0039 0.5045 0.0013
Hypertension % 72.7 82.7 67.0 75.5 74.0 77.2 0.4815 0.1704 0.0431
History of diabetes % 16.1 19.3 14.3 17.5 17.6 17.4 0.6844 0.7684 0.4805
Use of diuretics % 49.7 53.9 47.3 43.6 45.2 41.7 0.1767 0.2373 0.3363
Use of anticoagulants % 11.9 11.5 12.1 7.4 7.8 7.0 0.0690 0.3471 0.1065
Use of anti-hypertensives % 72.0 76.9 69.2 68.1 67.6 68.7 0.3478 0.1700 0.9148
Use of ≥5 prescribed drugs % 37.8 36.5 38.5 30.5 31.3 29.5 0.0828 0.4414 0.0983
Nutrition score 36.6 (6.0) 38.3 (6.2) 35.7 (5.7) 38.6 (5.1) 39.1 (4.9) 38.0 (5.3) <.0001 0.2502 0.0006
Increased alcohol intake % * 22.4 25.0 20.9 28.3 30.8 25.4 0.1443 0.3873 0.3684
PASE 112.8 (53.5) 114.5 (57.4) 111.8 (51.5) 120.5 (55.5) 125.9 (60.7) 114.4 (48.3) 0.1150 0.1846 0.6584
BMI kg/m 2 27.7 (3.9) 27.6 (4.1) 27.7 (3.9) 28.6 (4.3) 28.6 (3.8) 28.6 (4.7) 0.0129 0.1021 0.1027
  1. *alcohol intake >24 g/day in men and >12 g/day in women.
  2. Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly. Scores range from 0 to 361 [31].