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Table 1 Participants’ demographic and baseline characteristics

From: Strength-balance supplemented with computerized cognitive training to improve dual task gait and divided attention in older adults: a multicenter randomized-controlled trial

Group SBgroup SBCgroup
No. of participants with a complete questionnaire 76 69
Age (mean ± SD) 81.9 ± 6.3 81.1 ± 8.3
Sex (female, male) 52, 30 49, 25
MMSE score (mean ± SD) 27.7 ± 2.9 27.6 ± 2.6
Fall risk factors   
Slow walking speed (<1.22 m/s) n(%) 64 out of 77(83) 62 out of 74(84)
Fell in the last 6 months n(%) 23(30) 20(29)
3 or more prescription medications n(%) 45(59) 51(73)
Physical functioning; SPPB (mean ± SD) 7.3 ± 2.6 7.3 ± 2.6
Fear of falling; FES-I (mean ± SD) 25.4 ± 8.0 26.8 ± 9.6
Education/profession n(%)   
University/College 4(5) 7(10)
Vocational Education 52(68) 41(59)
No educated profession 20(26) 21(30)
In a sitting position past profession 15(20) 18(26)
Health questions n(%)   
Number of self-reported chronic diseases   
Joint diseases 35(46) 34(49)
Hypertension 40(53) 37(54)
Cardiac Problems 27(36) 29(42)
Osteoporosis 13(17) 12(17)
Type II diabetes mellitus 9(12) 11(16)
Problems limiting walking function   
Self-reported walking problems 31(41) 34(49)
Problems with legs 40(53) 41(59)
Need walking aid 31(41) 36(52)
Hearing problems 41(54) 35(51)
Vision problems 34(45) 32(46)
Dizziness 28(37) 21(30)
Estimated good health 48(63) 36(52)
Estimated better health compared with contemporary 26(34) 23(33)
Estimated good balance 29(38) 22(32)
Feel pain daily 22(29) 22(32)
Physical activity questions n(%)   
Practiced some sport in the past 34(45) 34(49)
Practiced strength exercises in the past 6(8) 5(7)