Skip to main content

Table 1 Demographic and psychosocial characteristics of patients on admission, and their association with frailty (n = 172)

From: Psychosocial factors modify the association of frailty with adverse outcomes: a prospective study of hospitalised older people

Characteristic Overall n(%) Frailty (n = 96)
(OR, 95% CI, P)
Demographic characteristics   
Caregiver-informal or paid 124 (72) 3.22 (1.58–6.57), 0.001
Birthplace (Australia) 118 (69) 1.02 (0.32–2.01), 0.994
Lives alone 105 (61) 1.47 (0.77–2.84), 0.244
Private health insurance 62 (36) 1.43 (0.75–2.72), 0.276
Married or defacto 59 (34) 1.03 (0.52–2.03), 0.943
Psychosocial Characteristics   
High anxiety severity (GAI-SF score ≥ 3/5) 66 (38) 2.29 (1.17–4.48), 0.015
Depression (GDS-SF Score > 6) 52 (30) 2.66 (1.29–5.47), 0.008
Wellbeing (lowest quartile) n.a. 4.36 (1.81–10.54), 0.001
Sense of control (lowest quartile) n.a. 3.88 (1.73–8.70), 0.001
Leisure and social activities (lowest quartile) n.a. 2.24 (0.77–6.52), 0.141
Enjoyment of home/neighbourhood (lowest quartile) n.a. 1.45 (0.72–2.91), 0.296
Social relationships (lowest quartile) n.a. 1.34 (0.63–2.84), 0.444
  1. Each variable was computed as a separate binary logistic regression model, controlling for age, gender and Charlson’s Comorbidity Index. Outcomes significantly associated with frailty are highlighted in bold text. n = 172.
  2. n.a. = not applicable.