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Table 2 Comparison of physiological and functional outcomes for person with dementia

From: A feasibility study and pilot randomised trial of a tailored prevention program to reduce falls in older people with mild dementia

Measure Baseline or 12 wk follow up n Intervention mean ±SD n Control mean ±SD P2
PPA falls risk score 1 B 11 0.78 (±1.15) 11 1.69(±1.74)  
  F 9 1.42 (±1.63) 11 2.65 (±1.83) .82
Near tandem eyes closed B 11 5.19 (±3.58) 11 5.71(±3.01)  
  F 9 5.35 (±3.72) 10 6.29 (±3.70) .32
Hill step test B 11 19.18 (±6.53) 11 14.45(±4.96)  
  F 6 15.0 (±5.12) 8 14.20 (±7.67) .10
IPEQ-W (Incidental and planned exercise) B 11 20.77 (±11.69) 11 14.41 (±10.57)  
  F 9 32.96 (±18.46) 11 14.53 (±14.91) .26
IDDD: (Activities of daily living) B 11 46.4 (±8.2) 11 49.4 (±13.8)  
F 7 49.9 (±11.6) 10 53.7 (±15.9) .40
FES-I short form 1 B 11 10.5 (±4.4) 11 10.0 (±3.0)  
  F 9 8.2 (±1.9) 11 9.4 (±5.4) .71
ICON-FES 1 B 11 51.6 (±21.8) 11 51.3 (±18.9)  
  F 8 47.3 (±18.5) 9 44.6 (±12.8) .56
Cornell depression scale 1 B 11 6.41 (±4.57) 11 5.59 (±5.52)  
  F 6 8.10 (±7.27) 10 6.32 (±4.83) .29
Agitated behaviours in Dementia scale 1 B 11 14.41 (±13.99) 11 14.36 (±16.34)  
F 7 12.29 (±13.49) 11 14.66 (±15.67) .58
  1. Notes: PPA Physiological profile assessment, IPEQ-W Incidental and planned exercise questionnaire – weekly, IDDD Interview for deterioration in daily activities in dementia scale, FES-I Falls efficacy scale – international, ICON-FES Iconographical falls efficacy scale – international.
  2. 1Lower scores reflect better ability, 2Mann–Whitney U test using change scores.