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Table 5 Percentages of frail persons (GFI ≥ 4) who experience problems in one, two, or three GFI domains (N = 540)*

From: Multidimensional structure of the Groningen Frailty Indicator in community-dwelling older people

  One domain (N = 145) Two domains (N = 239) Three domains (N = 156) F (df)or Chi2(df) p
Mean age (y) ± SD 73.54 ± 5.99 77.46 ± 6.84 80.71 ± 7.19 41.14 (2) <0.001§
Age groups      
65 – 69 y 27.1 15.2 9.4 76.63 (8) <0.001§
70 – 74 y 31.4 16.5 10.7   
75 – 79 y 25.0 30.4 20.8   
80 – 84 y 11.4 22.8 26.2   
≥ 85 y 5.0 15.2 32.9   
Gender      
Male 41.0 43.3 32.0 5.02 (2) 0.081
Female 59.0 56.7 68.0   
Educational level      
Low 44.6 60.6 65.7 15.26 (4) 0.004§
Middle 40.0 31.7 25.0   
High 15.4 7.7 9.3   
Living situation      
Living together 41.0 43.7 43.7 0.30 (2) 0.861
Single living 59.0 56.3 56.3   
Financial status      
No financial problems 83.9 77.2 79.0 2.41 (2) 0.299
Financial problems 16.1 22.8 21.0   
  1. Abbreviations: GFI Groningen Frailty Indicator.
  2. *Values are percentages unless indicated otherwise.
  3. One-way ANOVA test results.
  4. Chi2 test results.
  5. § p < 0.05.