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Table 5 Secondary outcomes in the crossover intervention group

From: Community-based intervention to improve dietary habits and promote physical activity among older adults: a cluster randomized trial

Outcomes   mean ± SD P
TMIG Index of Competence Pre   12.0 ± 1.7   0.869a
Post   12.0 ± 1.6   
Self-maintenance Pre   4.7 ± 0.2   0.326a
Post   5.0 ± 0.0   
Intellectual activity Pre   3.9 ± 0.7   0.083a
Post   3.7 ± 0.6   
Social roles Pre   3.2 ± 1.4   0.846a
  Post   3.2 ± 1.2   
   yes, n (%)f P
Appetite Pre 28(96.6) 1.000a
  Post 28(96.6)  
   Very good, n (%) Good, n (%) Not good, n (%) P
Self-rated health Pre 1 (3.4) 23 (79.3) 5 (17.2) 0.025b
  Post 5 (17.2) 20 (69.0) 4 (13.8)  
  1. TMIG Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Gerontology, SD standard deviation.
  2. aPaired t-test for within-groups difference of continuous variables.
  3. bWilcoxon signed-rank test for within-groups difference of categorical variables.