Skip to main content

Advertisement

Springer Nature is making Coronavirus research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Table 3 Secondary outcomes in the intervention group and control group

From: Community-based intervention to improve dietary habits and promote physical activity among older adults: a cluster randomized trial

Outcomes Intervention P Control P Between-groups
  mean ± SD    mean ± SD   P
TMIG Index of Competence Pre   12.4 ± 1.1   0.083a   11.9 ± 1.4   0.571a 0.810b
Post 12.5 ± 0.8 12.0 ± 1.5
Self-maintenance Pre   4.9 ± 0.2   0.146a   4.9 ± 0.3   0.422a  
Post 5.0 ± 0.0 4.9 ± 0.2
Intellectual activity Pre   3.7 ± 0.6   0.279a   3.8 ± 0.5   0.763a  
Post 3.9 ± 0.4 3.8 ± 0.5
Social roles Pre   3.8 ± 0.5   0.563a   3.3 ± 1.1   0.864a  
  Post   3.7 ± 0.6     3.2 ± 1.3    
   yes, n (%) P yes, n (%) P  
Appetite Pre   55 (96.5)   1.000c   32 (91.4)   0.625c  
  Post   56(100.0)     34 (97.1)    
   Very good n (%) Good n (%) Not good n (%) P Very good n (%) Good n (%) Not good n (%) P P
Self-rated health Pre 7 (12.3) 41 (71.9) 9 (15.8) 0.039d 3 (8.6) 26 (74.3) 6 (17.1) 1.000d n.s.e
  Post 12 (21.1) 40 (70.2) 5 (8.8)   3 (8.6) 26 (74.3) 6 (17.1)   
  1. TMIG Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Gerontology, SD standard deviation.
  2. aPaired t-test for within-groups difference of continuous variables.
  3. bTwo-way Repeated-Measures ANOVA for the time-by-group interaction of continuous variables.
  4. cMcNemer’s test for within-groups difference of proportional variables.
  5. dWilcoxon signed-rank test for within-groups difference of categorical variables.
  6. eZ-test for between-group difference of improvement rate for categorical variables. P > 0.05; Z-score > 1.96.