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Table 1 Demographic characteristics and functional capacities of participants

From: Community-based intervention to improve dietary habits and promote physical activity among older adults: a cluster randomized trial

Characteristics Intervention (n = 57) Control (n = 35) P
Sex, n (%)    
   Men 9 (15.8) 8 (22.9) 0.419a
   Women 48 (84.2) 27 (77.1)  
Age in years, mean ± SD 74.3 ± 5.9 74.3 ± 5.0 0.969c
BMI, mean ± SD 24.3 ± 2.7 24.3 ± 3.1 0.941c
Preexisting conditions, n (%) 20 (35.1) 11 (31.4) 0.718a
   Hypertension 16 (28.1) 9 (25.7) 0.805a
   Diabetes mellitus 4 (7.0) 2 (5.7) 1.000b
   Joint pain (arthritis) 3 (5.3) 2 (5.7) 1.000b
   Heart disease 4 (7.0) 4 (11.4) 0.474b
   Cerebrovascular disease 1 (1.8) 0 (0.0) 1.000b
Have experienced falls, n (%) 7 (12.3) 5 (14.3) 0.762b
Lifestyle    
   Ability to walk 1 km (yes, n (%)) 52 (91.2) 31 (88.6) 0.727b
   Hobby activity (yes, n (%)) 48 (84.2) 28 (80.0) 0.605a
   Volunteer activity (yes, n (%)) 49 (86.0) 30 (85.7) 1.000b
   Older adult’s group activity (yes, n (%)) 47 (82.5) 29 (82.6) 0.961a
   Friendly conversation with neighbors 45 (78.9) 27 (77.1) 0.839a
   (2 days or more/w, n (%))    
   Going out (2 days or more/w, n (%)) 56 (98.2) 34 (97.1) 1.000b
Appetite (yes, n (%)) 55 (96.5) 32 (91.4) 0.365b
Food Frequency Score (FFS), mean ± SD 21.5 ± 3.7 21.1 ± 5.3 0.690c
Dietary Variety Score (DVS), mean ± SD 4.2 ± 2.3 3.9 ± 2.9 0.577c
TMG-Index of competence, mean ± SD 12.4 ± 1.1 11.9 ± 1.4 0.062c
  Instrumental self-maintenance, mean ± SD 4.9 ± 0.2 4.9 ± 0.3 0.538c
  Intellectual activity, mean ± SD 3.7 ± 0.6 3.8 ± 0.5 0.792c
  Social roles, mean ± SD 3.8 ± 0.5 3.3 ± 1.1 0.014c
Self-rated health, n (%)    0.657d
   Very good 7 (12.3) 3 (8.6)  
   Good 41 (71.9) 26 (74.3)  
   Not good 9 (15.8) 6 (17.1)  
  1. SD Standard deviations.
  2. Chi-square testa or Fisher's exact testb for proportional variables.
  3. Student’s t-testc for continuous variables.
  4. Mann-Whitney’s U testd for categorical variables.