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Table 1 Participant characteristics (N= 458)

From: Care managers’ confidence in managing home-based end-of-life care: a cross-sectional study

   n (%) or Mean ± SD
Agency characteristics   
Agency ownership Profit corporation 168 (36.7)
  Social welfare corporation 141(30.8)
  Healthcare corporation 87 (19.0)
  Others 65 (14.2)
Other health-care facility(ies) Yes 125 (27.3)
in the same organization Hospitals 91 (19.9)
  Home nursing 74 (16.2)
Number of FTE care managers 0–1.4 116 (25.3)
  1.5–2.0 48 (10.5)
  2.1–3.5 76 (16.6)
  3.6 and over 68 (14.8)
Number of clients / 1 month 0–32 104 (22.7)
  33–59 105 (22.9)
  60–97 107 (23.4)
  98 and over 104 (22.7)
Number of clients who had died at home / 6 months 0–1 293 (64.0)
  2 and over 152 (33.2)
Care manager characteristics   
Age (years)   49.2 ± 8.78
Gender Female 371(81.0)
Professional background RN, LPN, or PHN 129 (28.2)
  Care worker 228 (49.8)
  Social worker 50 (10.9)
  Home attendant 28 (6.1)
  Others 72 (15.7)
Years of experience in background profession 0–7 180 (39.3)
  8–12 126 (27.5)
  13 and over 148 (32.3)
Additional responsibility other than care management Yes 116 (25.3)
Years since gaining a care manager license 0–3 62 (13.5)
  4–5 96 (21.0)
  6–8 138 (30.1)
  9 and over 140 (30.6)
Number of end-of-life cases experienced 0–1 106 (23.1)
  2–3 106 (23.1)
  4–10 143 (31.2)
  11 and over 68 (14.8)
Previous experience of working in medical facility Yes 286 (62.4)
Confidence in managing home-based end-of-life care Not confident 25 (5.5)
  Not very confident 92 (20.1)
  Somewhat confident 155 (33.8)
  Confident 186 (40.6)
  1. Missing values were removed.
  2. FTE Fulltime Equivalent.
  3. RN Registered Nurse, LPN Licensed Practical Nurse, PHN Public Health Nurse.