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Table 4 Pre- and post- treatment fall risk assessment measures

From: Pilot comparative effectiveness study of surface perturbation treadmill training to prevent falls in older adults

  Treatment  
SPTT (N = 26) Standard PT (N = 33)
Variable Pre- Post- Diff1 p* Pre- Post- Diff2 p* p
TUG mean 14.64 11.26 −3.38 .001 14.29 11.69 −2.60 .001 .464
(SD) (8.69) N = 20 (6.63) (3.56)   (4.40) N = 23 (2.87) (3.44)
DGI mean 16.73 20.77 4.05 .001 17.29 20.90 3.60 .001 .657
(SD) (8.69) (2.83) (4.13)   (2.85) (2.56) (2.40)
  N = 22     N = 24   
Berg mean 45.91 50.82 4.91 .024 43.54 48.00 4.46 .032 .878
  (SD) (6.84) (4.63) (4.65)   (5.90) (11.21) (12.82)   
   N = 22     N = 24     
ABC mean 61.80 73.79 12.00 .001 56.55 70.00 13.45 .001 .700
(SD) (14.87) (14.26) (12.56)   (16.07) (13.54) (11.02)
  N = 20     N = 20   
  1. * Test of Null Hypothesis (H0: Pre- = Post-), Pre- = pre-treatment, Post- = post-treatment.
  2. Test of Null Hypothesis (H0: Diff1 = Diff2), Diff1 = SPTT (Post-) – (Pre-), Diff2 = Standard (Post-) – (Pre-).
  3. TUG = Timed Up and Go Test; DGI = Dynamic Gait Index; Berg = Berg Balance Scale; and ABC = Activities Specific Balance Confidence scale; SPTT = Surface Perturbation Treadmill Training.