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Table 1 Characteristics of study sample N = 41

From: Older adults are mobile too!Identifying the barriers and facilitators to older adults’ use of mHealth for pain management

Age, mean ± sd 76.2 ±9.3
Race/ethnicity status
Non-Hispanic White, n (%) 23 (56.0)
African-American, n (%) 14 (34.0)
Other, n (%) 4 (10.0)
Female, n (%) 32 (78.0)
College level education or higher, n (%) 23 (56.0)
Average pain intensity over past 2 weeks (0–10), mean ± sd 5.0 ±2.6
Pain duration in years, mean ± sd 7.2 ±13.2
Type of pain disorder
Degenerative joint disease, n (%) 21 (51.0)
Low back pain, n (%) 17 (41.0)
Other* 24 (59.0)
Uses medication to manage pain, n (%) 22 (54.0)
Uses physical therapy to manage pain, n (%) 16 (39.0)
Uses other pain management techniques** 22 (54.0)
Days of inactivity due to pain in the past month, mean ± sd 4.8 ±6.6
Current use of technology
Cell phone, n (%) 24 (59.0)
Personal computer, n (%) 17 (41.0)
Internet, n (%) 17 (41.0)
Tablet device, n (%) 7 (17.0)
Smartphone, n (%) 3 (7.0)
  1. * Participants could cite more than one kind of pain problem; other causes of pain included injury, Takayasu arteritis, and orofacial pain.
  2. **Other techniques included interventional therapies, psychological therapies, and alternative medicines.