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Table 6 Factors associating with psychological complications (anxiety/depression) developed during the first year after stroke using univariate analysis and multiple logistic regression analysis

From: Long-term morbidities in stroke survivors: a prospective multicenter study of Thai stroke rehabilitation registry

Factors Psychological complications@ No psychological complication Odds ratio (95% CI) p-value#
Sex (n = 200)     
  Male 28 (23.9%) 89 (76.1%) 0.565
  Female 17 (20.5%) 66 (79.5%)   
Age (n = 200)     
  < 60 years 20 (22.7%) 68 (77.3%) 0.946
  ≥ 60 years 25 (22.3%) 87 (77.7%)   
OAIa (n = 200)     
 < 3 months 34 (21.3%) 126 (78.7%) 0.397
  ≥ 3 months 11 (27.5%) 29 (72.5%)   
Pathology (n = 200)     
  Hemorrhage 8 (14.3%) 48 (85.7%) 0.083
  Infarction 37 (25.7%) 107 (74.3%)   
Psychological complications (anxiety/depression) at DC (n = 170)  
  < 11 29 (20.6%) 112 (79.4%) 0.105
  ≥ 11 10 (34.5%) 19 (65.5%)   
Physical complications at DC (n = 200)   
  No 8 (11.4%) 62 (88.6%) 1 0.006*
  Yes 37 (28.5%) 93 (71.5%) 3.1 (1.3, 7.1)  
Family support (n = 200)    
  No 3 (100.0%) 1.000
  Yes 45 (22.8%) 152 (77.2%)   
LOSb (n = 200)     
  < 1 months 24 (20.2%) 95 (79.8%) 0.338
  ≥ 1 months 21 (25.9%) 60 (74.1%)   
BI scorec at DC (n = 200)    
  < 15 26 (57.8%) 78 (50.2%) 0.378
  ≥ 15 19 (42.2%) 77 (49.8%)   
  1. @ Psychological complications represented anxiety and depression.
  2. #Data were analyzed using Chi-square test or Fisher’s exact test.
  3. a OAI = Onset to admission interval, b LOS = Length of stay, c BI = Barthel Index <15 means moderately to severely disabled, ≥15 means mildly disabled to independently, DC = discharge.
  4. *Statistical significance.