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Table 4 Factors associating with stroke-related complications developed during the first year after stroke using univariate analysis and multiple logistic regression analysis

From: Long-term morbidities in stroke survivors: a prospective multicenter study of Thai stroke rehabilitation registry

Factors Complications@ No complication Odds ratio (95% CI) p-value#
Sex (n = 198)     
  Male 81 (72.3%) 31 (27.7%) 0.091
  Female 71 (82.6%) 15 (17.4%)   
Age (n = 198)     
  < 60 years 58 (69.0%) 26 (31.0%) 1 0.027*
  ≥ 60 years 94 (82.5%) 20 (17.5%) 2.1 (1.1, 4.1)  
OAIa (n = 198)     
 < 3 months 124 (78.0%) 35 (22.0%) 0.412
  ≥ 3 months 28 (71.8%) 11 (28.2%)   
Pathology (n = 198)     
  Hemorrhage 36 (66.7%) 18 (33.3%) 0.039*
  Infarction 116 (80.6%) 28 (19.4%)   
Psychological complications (anxiety/depression) at DC (n = 168)  
  < 11 107 (78.1%) 30 (21.9%) 0.396
  ≥ 11 22 (71.0%) 9 (29.0%)   
Physical complications at DC (n = 198)   
  No 50 (71.4%) 20 (28.6%) 0.188
  Yes 102 (79.7%) 26 (20.3%)   
Family support (n = 198)    
  No 1 (33.3%) 2 (66.7%) 0.135
  Yes 151 (77.4%) 44 (22.6%)   
LOSb (n = 198)     
 < 1 months 88 (76.5%) 27 (23.5%) 0.923
 ≥ 1 months 64 (77.1%) 19 (22.9%)   
BI scorec at DC (n = 198)    
  < 15 84 (79.2%) 22 (20.8%) 0.376
  ≥ 15 68 (73.9%) 24 (26.1%)   
  1. @ Complications included musculoskeletal pain, neuropathic pain, pneumonia, deep vein thrombosis (DVT), pressure ulcer, spasticity, shoulder subluxation, joint contracture, dysphagia, urinary incontinence, anxiety and depression.
  2. #Data were analyzed using Chi-square test or Fisher’s exact test.
  3. a OAI = Onset to admission interval, b LOS = Length of stay, c BI = Barthel Index <15 means moderately to severely disabled, ≥15 means mildly disabled to independently, DC = discharge.
  4. *Statistical significance.