Skip to main content

Table 2 The common stroke-related complications at month-12 compared at discharge period

From: Long-term morbidities in stroke survivors: a prospective multicenter study of Thai stroke rehabilitation registry

Complications at discharge Number Complications at month-12 p-value#
   Yes No  
Overall complications 198    
  Yes   113 (57.1%) 31 (15.6%) 0.403
  No   39 (19.7%) 15 (7.6%)  
Musculoskeletal pain 201    
  Yes   35 (17.4%) 19 (9.5%) < 0.001*
  No   67 (33.3%) 80 (39.8%)  
Shoulder pain 201    
  Yes   17 (8.5%) 22 (10.9%) 0.001*
  No   51 (25.4%) 111 (55.2%)  
Neuropathic pain 196    
  Yes   0 (0.0%) 7 (3.6%) 1.000
  No   6 (3.0%) 183 (93.4%)  
Limb spasticitya: ≥ grade 3 191    
  Yes   4 (2.1%) 19 (10.0%) 0.119
  No   31 (16.2%) 137 (71.7%)  
Shoulder subluxationb: 199    
  Yes   9 (4.7%) 14 (7.3%) < 0.001*
  No   47 (24.6%) 121 (63.4%)  
Anxiety: score ≥ 11 171    
  Yes   2 (1.2%) 6 (3.5%) 0.023*
  No   18 (10.5%) 145 (84.8%)  
Depression: score ≥ 11 170    
  Yes   8 (4.7%) 17 (10.0%) 0.135
  No   28 (16.5%) 117 (68.8%)  
Dysphagia 202    
  Yes   3 (1.5%) 26 (12.9%) < 0.001*
  No   4 (2.0%) 169 (83.6%)  
Urinary incontinence 202    
  Yes   8 (4.0%) 38 (18.8%) 0.036*
  No   21 (10.4%) 135 (66.8%)  
Pressure ulcer 196    
  Yes   5 (2.6%) 1.000
  No   5 (2.6%) 186 (94.8%)  
DVT 197    
  Yes   1 (0.5%) 1.000
  No   196 (99.5%)  
Infection 199    
  Yes   1 (0.5%) 26 (13.1%) < 0.001*
  No   2 (1.0%) 170 (85.4%)  
Joint contracturec 191 30 (15.7%) 161 (84.3%)  
  - Shoulder   20 (10.5%) 171 (89.5%)  
  - Hip   3 (1.6%) 188 (98.4%)  
  - Knee   8 (4.2%) 183 (95.8%)  
  - Ankle   10 (5.2%) 181 (94.8%)  
  1. # Data were analyzed using McNemar Chi-square test.
  2. a Spasticity was evaluated by the Modified Ashworth Scale12 Grade 1: slight increase in muscle tone, minimal resistance at the end of range of motion when the affected part is moved. Grade 1+: slight increase in muscle tone, minimal resistance throughout the remainder (less than half) of the range of motion. Grade 2: more marked increase in muscle tone through most of the ROM. Grade 3: considerable increase in muscle tone, passive movement difficult. Grade 4: affected part rigid in flexion or extension.
  3. b Shoulder subluxation was categorized according to the World Health Organization’s International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, 2001.13 Grade 1 (mild): severity of symptoms less than 25%. Grade 2 (moderate): symptoms less than 50%. Grade 3 (severe): symptoms more than 50%. Grade 4 (very severe): symptoms more than 95%.
  4. c There was no contracture at discharge.