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Table 1 Characteristics of 851 long term care residents as categorized by whether a psychotropic drug change occurred during follow-up (%, unless indicated)

From: Psychotropic drug initiation or increased dosage and the acute risk of falls: a prospective cohort study of nursing home residents

  Psychotropic drug change Psychotropic user without a drug No psychotropic medication use P-value
  (n = 405) change (n = 289) (n = 157)  
Mean age (years, ± S.D.) 87.4 ± 8.8 86.9 ± 8.5 87.1 ± 10.2 0.76
Female 75.1 73.0 75.8 0.76
Cognition     
Normal or mild impairment 20.1 20.6 29.0  
Moderate impairment 58.6 52.4 44.7  
Severe impairment 21.3 27.1 26.3 0.03
Pain     
None 55.6 66.4 74.5  
Mild 26.4 22.0 13.1  
Moderate to severe 18.0 11.6 12.4 <0.001
Depression     
None 41.4 60.5 74.2  
Mild to moderate 26.3 20.7 15.9  
Severe 32.3 18.8 9.9 <0.001
Fallers during 1 year follow-up     
1 fall 23.5 18.7 13.4  
≥ 2 falls 41.0 22.5 12.1 <0.001
Rate of falls during 1 year follow-up (per 1,000 person-days) 7.6 4.1 2.0 <0.001
Mean follow-up (days, ± S.D.) 268 ± 121 258 ± 136 255 ± 132 0.47