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Table 3 The study results in subsample without psychotropic medications (N = 17,435)

From: The relationship between pain and disruptive behaviors in nursing home resident with dementia

Variables Wandering Aggression Agitation
B OR 95% CI for OR B OR 95% CI for OR B OR 95% CI for OR
Independent Variable
  Pain −0.33* 0.72 [0.63, 0.83] 0.07** 1.07 [1.01, 1.15] 0.15* 1.16 [1.08, 1.25]
Covariates
  MDS-CPS 0.63* 1.87 [1.76, 2.00] 0.29* 1.34 [1.29, 1.38] 0.42* 1.53 [1.47, 1.58]
  MDS-ADL −0.15* 0.86 [0.85, 0.87] −0.04* 0.97 [0.96, 0.97] −0.04* 0.96 [0.96, 0.97]
  Age 0.00 1.00 [0.99, 1.01] 0.01* 1.01 [1.00, 1.02] 0.00 1.00 [1.00, 1.01]
  Sex
    Male 0.12 1.12 [0.96, 1.31] 0.19* 1.21 [1.10, 1.33] 0.22* 1.24 [1.13, 1.37]
    Female 0.00 1.00   0.00 1.00    1.00  
  1. Nagelkerke R-square: Wandering = 0.13, Aggression = 0.03, Agitation = 0.05. B = logistic regression coefficient, OR = Odds Ratio = Exp(B). MDS-CPS = MDS-Cognitive Performance Scale. MDS-ADL = MDS-Activities of Daily Living impairment scale. * p < .001. ** p < .05.