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Table 1 Demographics and clinical characteristics of subjects (n = 33) and associations with C22:0 and C24:0 concentrations

From: Ceramides predict verbal memory performance in coronary artery disease patients undertaking exercise: a prospective cohort pilot study

  CAD (n = 33) Mean ± SD or % (n) Statistic (F or r) C22:0 P-value (p ≤ 0.05)* Statistic (F or r) C24:0 P-value (p ≤  0.05)*
Sociodemographics
Age (yrs) 62 ± 9 r = −0.24 0.18 r = −0.38 0.03*
Sex (% male) 84.8 (28) F = 0.16 0.69 F = 0.12 0.74
Ethnicity (% Caucasian) 90.9 (30) F = 0.81 0.38 F = 0.28 0.60
Marital status (% married) 75.8 (25) F = 2.56 0.12 F = 2.00 0.17
Employed (% employed) 48.5 (16) F = 0.03 0.86 F = 0.07 0.79
Years of education (yrs) 17 ± 3 r = −0.01 0.97 0.09 0.62
Body composition
Body mass index (kg/m2) 28.2 ± 3.6 r = 0.27 0.13 r = 0.27 0.13
Body fat (%) 28.3 ± 7.4 r = 0.24 0.19 r = 0.19 0.29
Body mass (pounds) 185.1 ± 27.3 r = 0.22 0.22 r = 0.27 0.13
Waist circumference (cm) 99.6 ± 9.7 r = 0.08 0.68 r = 0.08 0.67
CAD severity
Cumulative stenosis (%) 132.9 ± 45.9 r = 0.05 0.78 r = 0.06 0.73
Number of vessels stenosed 2 ± 1 r = 0.02 0.92 r = 0.11 0.54
Time since acute coronary event (wks) 28.7 ± 76.7 r = 0.09 0.61 r = 0.11 0.53
Cardiac history % (n)
Myocardial infarction 54.5 (18) F = 1.38 0.25 F = 3.40 0.08
Coronary artery bypass graft surgery 39.4 (13) F = 0.97 0.33 F = 1.79 0.19
Stent 57.6 (19) F = 1.20 0.28 F = 3.94 0.06
Angina 27.3 (9) F = 0.55 0.46 F = 0.89 0.35
Hypertension 57.6 (19) F = 0.65 0.43 F = 0.30 0.59
Comorbidities % (n)
Diabetes 15.2 (5) F = 0.85 0.37 F = 1.09 0.30
Depression 36.4 (12) F = 1.48 0.23 F = 1.19 0.28
Hypercholesterolemia 100 (33) - - - -
Cardiopulmonary fitness parameters
Maximum heart rate (bpm) 124.3 ± 19.6 r = 0.13 0.46 r = 0.18 0.33
Maximum systolic blood pressure (mm Hg) 181.6 ± 28.3 r = 0.15 0.40 r = 0.06 0.73
Maximum diastolic blood pressure (mm Hg) 82.4 ± 11.6 r = −0.004 0.98 r = 0.01 0.94
VO2 peak (ml/kg/min) 20.7 ± 5.3 r = −0.13 0.49 r = −0.10 0.60
Medications % (n)
B-blocker 81.8 (27) F = 0.17 0.68 F = 0.01 0.93
Diuretic 21.2 (7) F = 0.90 0.35 F = 0.15 0.70
Anti-hypertensive 57.6 (19) F = 0.67 0.42 F = 0.13 0.72
Ca2+ channel blocker 12.1 (4) F = 0.11 0.74 F = 0.35 0.56
Antidiabetic 9.1 (3) F = 0.65 0.43 F = 0.25 0.62
Statin 100 (33) - - - -
Anxiolytic 6.1 (2) F = 0.84 0.37 F = 0.69 0.41
Antidepressant 6.1 (2) F = 0.30 0.59 F = 0.41 0.53
  1. *two-tailed significance in one-way ANOVA or Pearson correlations.