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Table 2 Prevalence of diagnosed chronic diseases (n = 496)

From: Multimorbidity patterns of and use of health services by Swedish 85-year-olds: an exploratory study

  Total n (%) Men n (%) Women n (%) p-value (statistic)
Hypertension 250 (50.4) 97 (51.3) 153 (49.8) 0.748 (χ2 = 0.10)
Hyperlipidemia 107 (21.6) 53 (28) 54 (17.6) 0.006 (χ2 = 7.56)
Urinary incontinence 103 (20.8) 19 (10.1) 84 (27.4) <0.001 (χ2 = 21.3)
Arrhythmia 78 (15.7) 29 (15.3) 49 (16) 0.115 (χ2 = 0.03)
Heart failure 75 (15.1) 33 (17.5) 42 (13.7) 0.254 (χ2 = 1.30)
Diabetes 75 (15.1) 27 (14.3) 48 (15.6) 0.684 (χ2 = 0.17)
Stroke 58 (11.7) 23 (12.2) 35 (11.4) 0.796 (χ2 = 0.07)
Myocardial infarction 55 (11.1) 30 (15.9) 25 (8.1) 0.008 (χ2 = 7.09)
Affective diseases 60 (12.1) 14 (7.4) 46 (15) 0.012 (χ2 = 6.32)
Malignancy 50 (10.1) 28 (14.3) 22 (7.2) 0.006 (χ2 = 7.48)
Asthma or COPD 45 (9.1) 20 (10.6) 25 (8.1) 0.358 (χ2 = 0.84)
Osteoarthritis 39 (8.3) 11 (5.8) 28 (9.8) 0.185 (χ2 = 1.76)
Thrombosis or PVD 35 (7.1) 14 (7.9) 21 (6.5) 0.811 (χ2 = 0.06)
Dementia 33 (6.7) 7 (3.7) 26 (8.5) 0.039 (χ2 = 4.28)
Thyroid dysfunction 33 (6.7) 8 (4.2) 25 (8.1) 0.09 (χ2 = 2.88)
Osteoporosis 24 (4.8) 1 (0.5) 23 (7.5) <0.001 (χ2 = 12.32)
Multimorbidity (≥2 chronic diseases) 339 (68.3) 134 (70.8) 205 (66.8) 0.338 (χ2 = 0.92)
  1. COPD, Chronic Obstructive Disease; PVD, Periphery Vascular Disease.
  2. Data were analyzed using Chi-square, df =1.