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Table 3 Participants' characteristics

From: Interactive programs with preschool children bring smiles and conversation to older adults: time-sampling study

   Total (n=25) Performance-based IG programming group (n=11) Social-oriented IG programming group (n=14) Significance
   n (%) n (%) n (%)  
Sex Male 5 (20.0) 2 (18.2) 3 (21.4)  
  Female 20 (80.0) 9 (81.8) 11 (78.6) n.s. ※1
Mean age (years) 85.0±7.5 83.0±5.8 86.6±8.6 n.s. ※2
Living Alone 8 (32.0) 3 (27.3) 5 (35.7)  
  With family 16 (64.0) 8 (72.7) 8 (57.1) n.s. ※1
  Unknown 1 (4.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (7.1)  
Cognitive Independent 14 (56.0) 6 (54.5) 8 (57.1)  
Function I or IIa※3 11 (44.0) 5 (45.5) 6 (42.9) n.s. ※1
Use of day service (Mean number of use/week) 2.0±1.0 1.9±0.7 2.2±1.1 n.s. ※2
  1. ※1 χ2 test.
  2. ※2 Mann–Whitney U test.
  3. ※3 Level of Cognitive Function (by MHLW).