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Table 2 Indicators

From: Interactive programs with preschool children bring smiles and conversation to older adults: time-sampling study

  Formula  
Visual attention occured between the generations = Number of intergenerational attention units/ ×100
Observational time 20 units (5 min.)
Smiling rate = Number of positive units/ ×100
Observational time 20 units (5 min.)
Weighted smiling rate = (Number of Smile 3 units × 3 + Number of Smile 2 units × 2 + Number of Smile 1 units)/ ×100
Observational time 20 units (5 min.)
Constructive behaviour rate = Number of constructive units/ ×100
Observational time 20 units (5 min.)
Intergenerational conversation rate = Number of intergenerational conversation units/ ×100
  Observational time 20 units (5 min.)