Skip to main content

Table 3 Overview of the instruments used to measure (I)ADL and physical performance

From: Effectiveness and feasibility of early physical rehabilitation programs for geriatric hospitalized patients: a systematic review

Instrument Study Assessment Score
    Min Max Interpretation
Katz index/ADL index Courtney [20] Ability to perform: Bathing, eating, dressing, continence, transfer to toilets and locomotion 0 6 0 independent - 6 dependent
Bizon-Blanc [18]   0 12 0 independent - 12 dependent
Counsell and Landefeld [19, 24] Ability to perform: Bathing, dressing, using the toilet, moving from a bed to a chair, and eating 0 5 0 independent – 5 dependent
(modified) Barthel index Asplund and Salvedt [17, 26] Feeding, urinary and faecal continence, personal toilet, dressing, toilet use, transferring, walking outdoors, climbing stairs and bathing 0 20 1 dependent – 20 independent
Abizanda, Jones, De Morton, Nicolaus [16, 22, 23, 25] 0 100 0 dependent - 100 independent
Lawton index/IADL index Nikolaus and Salvedt [25, 26] Ability to use telephone, shopping, food preparation, housekeeping, laundry, mode of transportation, responsibility for medication and ability to handle finances 0 8 0 dependent - 8 independent
Counsell, Courtney, Landefeld and Siebens [19, 20, 24, 28] Ability to use telephone, shopping, food preparation, housekeeping, mode of transportation, responsibility for medication and ability to handle finances 0 7 0 dependent - 7 independent
Timed IADL Laver [14] The time needed to complete tasks addressing five IADL domains:    Lower scores indicates greater ability
(1) communication, (2) finance, (3) cooking, (4) shopping, and (5) medicine.
SIVIS dependency scales Sleats [29] SIVIS independency scale: 20 questions relating to orientation, communication, mobility, transfers, ADL, continence, catheter use, and decubitus    NA
Functional Independence Measure (FIM) Laver and Siebens [14, 28] Measures the level of a patient’s disability and indicates how much assistance is required for the individual to carry out activities of daily living: Eating, Grooming, Bathing, Upper and lower body dressing, Toileting, Bladder and bowel management, Bed to chair transfer, Toilet and shower transfer, Locomotion, Stairs, Cognitive comprehension, Expression, Social interaction, Problem solving, Memory 18 126 18 dependent – 126 independent
Walking Impairment Questionnaire (WIQ) Courtney [20] Walking distance, walking speed and climbing stairs 0 100 Higher scores indicates greater ability
Timed Up and Go (TUG) Jones, Laver, De Morton [14, 22, 23] Time taken for the patient to rise from a chair, walk 3 m, turn and walk back to the chair    Lower scores indicates greater ability
Functional Ambulation Classification De Morton [22] Ability to ambulate over a 10 foot distance and 4 m length of foam 0 6 0 dependent - 6 independent
Physical activity scale Siebens [28] Questionnaire about walking ¼ mile, walking up 10 steps, crouching/kneeling, lifting/carrying 10 lbs    NA
Mobility Counsell [19] Walking to a table, walking inside the house, walking a block, walking uphill or upstairs, and running a short distance    NA
Physical Performance and Mobility Examination Counsell [19] Bed mobility, transfer skills, multiple stands, standing balance, step up one step and timed 6 m walk 0 6 0 dependent – 6 independent
Short Physical Performance Battery Laver [14] Three standing balance measures (tandem, semi-tandem, and side-by-side stands), five continuous chair stands, and a 2.44-meter walk. 0 12 0 dependent – 12 independent
Modified Berg Balance Scale Laver [14]     NA
  1. NA=Not available.