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Table 1 Sample characteristics and prevalence of health variables among older South Africans

From: Social capital and health among older adults in South Africa

Variables
Sociodemographics
Total sample
N (%)  
Self-rated good health
%  
Depressive symptoms
%  
Cognitive functioning
%  
Physical inactivity
%  
All 3840   37.9   49.9   52.0   60.5  
Age      
50–59 1695 (49.9)   45.0   51.7   61.0   53.2  
60–69 1233 (30.6)   33.6   48.0   47.5   65.4  
70–79 661 (14.0)   27.6   47.8   40.1   70.3  
80 and over 251 (5.5)   24.2   49.3   23.1   73.7  
Gender      
Female 2202 (55.9)   34.6   52.1   47.4   63.1  
Male 1638 (44.1)   42.1   47.1   57.8   57.2  
Educational level      
No schooling 854 (25.2)   37.0   49.9   42.8   59.7  
Less than primary 803 (24.0)   30.0   53.9   42.7   59.5  
Primary 779 (22.4)   31.7   53.8   49.7   64.4  
Secondary 923 (28.3)   51.2   43.3   75.2   59.6  
Wealth      
Low 1482 (40.6)   31.3   51.6   41.3   59.8  
Medium 731 (18.2)   37.2   52.7   45.1   58.1  
High 1608 (41.2)   44.7   47.1   65.0   62.3  
Social capital variables      
Married/cohabitating 2007 (55.9)   43.4   45.8   60.2   58.2  
Never married/divorced/widowed 1762 (44.1)   30.9   55.3   41.8   63.5  
Social action      
Low (0) 1816 (45.1)   35.6   52.1   47.2   66.8  
Medium (1) 769 (24.3)   42.8   51.9   55.1   54.1  
High (2–4) 1018 (30.6)   37.2   46.7   56.4   51.6  
Sociability      
Low (0–1) 744 (19.2)   28.2   52.8   45.7   64.7  
Medium (2–3) 1513 (42.2)   38.4   46.8   52.9   57.7  
High (4) 1320 (38.6)   42.1   52.4   54.0   58.0  
Trust and solidarity      
Low (0) 462 (16.0)   27.2   63.5   36.0   68.8  
Medium (1) 1453 (40.7)   32.8   52.7   49.1   64.5  
High (2) 1224 (43.3)   47.3   42.5   59.3   54.5  
Safety      
Low (0) 323 (9.6)   33.3   62.1   64.2   49.2  
Medium (1) 2364 (61.7)   33.8   49.6   48.4   64.2  
High (2–3) 908 (28.7)   49.3   47.4   55.3   50.9  
Civic engagement      
Low (0) 366 (9.0)   33.2   44.5   35.5   76.3  
Medium (1) 1504 (41.5)   37.7   50.9   51.0   58.0  
High (2–4) 1626 (49.5)   40.2   49.5   56.2   55.1  
Psychological resources      
Low (2–5) 895 (25.9)   19.4   72.2   36.6   70.8  
Medium (6) 1655 (42.0)   39.9   45.8   53.3   60.2  
High (7–10) 1075 (32.1)   50.2   38.6   62.2   48.1