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Table 2 Descriptions of crisis from different perspectives

From: Reviewing the definition of crisis in dementia care

Operationalized definition of crisis Operationalization
Filial crisis [12, 13] “Self-reports of distress urgency and inability to engage in usual activities of daily living with a sense of wellbeing as a consequence of caregiving”
Filial crisis in clinical practice [17] “A condition of urgency, excess emotional arousal, fatigue and difficulty with goal attainment in the caregiving situation”
Evolutionary perspective on filial crisis [17] “An ongoing period of unfolding of the filial relationship through caregiving”
Implicit operationalization of crisis [21] “The decision to institutionalize the patient in most cases had been acute when the relatives could not manage the situation anymore”
Crisis experience [17] “Spontaneously and repeatedly reported episodes of distress and urgency relative to the caregiving situation and inability to engage in usual activities of daily living with a sense of well-being as a consequence of caregiving”
Caregiver crisis [22] “Where informal skills and commitment are not enough”
Episodic crisis in a nursing home [23] “Any acute disruptive episode requiring non-routine intervention”
Crisis in nursing home [24] “Catastrophic psychiatric reactions that are aggressive or attacking”