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Table 2 Multivariable Analysis of Predictors of Any ED Visit within Six Months after Baseline Interview

From: Unmet need and psychological distress predict emergency department visits in community-dwelling elderly women: a prospective cohort study

Variable Odds Ratio 95% Confidence Interval p-value
Disability    
   IADL unmet need (0, 1, 2+) 1.57 1.02, 2.41 0.042
   IADL met need (0, 1, 2+) 0.91 0.61, 1.36 0.64
   PADL unmet need (0, 1+) 0.66 0.35, 1.24 0.20
   PADL met need (0, 1+) 3.64 1.16, 11.4 0.027
Risk for malnutrition    
   Low risk Reference   
   Moderate risk 1.63 0.87, 3.05 0.13
   High risk 3.53 1.55, 8.01 0.003
Body mass index    
   < 25.0 kg/m2 Reference   
   25.0 to < 30.0 kg/m2 1.21 0.67, 2.20 0.53
   30.0+ kg/m2 2.74 1.30, 5.79 0.008
Chronic disease score 1.01 0.96, 1.07 0.66
Any ED visit six months prior to baseline 2.16 1.14, 4.09 0.018
Psychological distress score at baseline 1.30 1.02, 1.67 0.038
Mastery 1.06 0.98, 1.15 0.15
Low income 1.79 1.04, 3.08 0.037
Residence    
   Private dwelling Reference   
   Seniors' residence 0.32 0.12, 0.85 0.022
   Rent room or subsidized housing 1.40 0.65, 3.04 0.39
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