Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 4 The relationship between parental status and self-rated health, living situation and social network: Distribution and significance testing.

From: The influences of childlessness on the psychological well-being and social network of the oldest old

  Total Parents Childless p**
  n %* n %* n %*  
Dependent variables        
Self-rated health        
   n 345   309   36   
   Excellent 16 4.6 14 4.5 2 5.6  
   Very good 46 13.3 41 13.3 5 13.9  
   Good 167 48.4 153 49.5 14 38.9  
   Ok 109 31.6 96 31.1 13 36.1  
   Bad 7 2.0 5 1.6 2 5.6  
        .469
Living situation        
   n 493   436   57   
   Living in the community 438 88.8 389 89.2 49 86.0  
   Residential care 30 6.1 26 6.0 4 7.0  
   Nursing home 25 5.1 21 4.8 4 7.0  
        .728
Social network        
   Relatives        
   n 489   433   56   
   Close by 409 83.6 374 86.4 35 62.5  
   At a different location 78 16.0 59 13.6 19 33.9  
   No relatives 2 0.4 0 0 2 3.6  
        .000++
Friends        
   n 479   423   56   
   Close by 424 88.5 373 88.2 51 91.1  
   Not close by 55 11.5 50 11.8 5 8.9  
        .524
Neighbours        
   n 480   424   56   
   Close contact 142 29.6 126 29.7 16 28.6  
   Some contact 272 56.7 240 56.6 32 57.1  
   No contact 66 13.8 58 13.7 8 14.3  
        .981
   Received help        
   n 475   422   53   
   No help 139 29.4 112 26.5 27 50.9  
   From spouse 117 24,6 108 25,6 9 17.0  
   From siblings 14 2,9 6 1,4 8 15.1  
   From children/grandchildren 184 38,7 183 43,4 1 1,9  
   From friends 21 4,4 13 3,1 8 15,1  
        .000++
  1. * Some percentages do not add up to 100% because of rounding.
  2. ** Calculated with Pearson Chi Square. Significance level at p ≤ 0.05
  3. + Statistically significant.
  4. ++Due to sample size ≤5 and p ≤ .05 Fisher's exact test was performed with p ≤ .05.