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Table 3 Effects of parental status on loneliness, depression and self-rated health: Multivariate logistic regression analyses

From: The influences of childlessness on the psychological well-being and social network of the oldest old

  Loneliness Depression Happiness
  OR p C.I. OR p C.I. OR p C.I.
Variable          
Independent variable          
Parental status          
   Childless (ref) Reference level .Reference level .Reference level
   Parent 1.271 .563 .563-2.868 1.645 .466 .431-6.279 .699 .536 .211-2.244
Control variables          
Marital status          
   Married (ref) Reference level Reference level Reference level
   Unmarried .502 .133 .204-1.235 1.457 .576 .389-5.453 4.430 .031* 1.145-17.144
   Widowed .244 .000*** .141-.423 1.079 .861 .463-2.512 1.885 .249 .642-5.536
Gender          
   Woman (ref) Reference level Reference level Reference level
   Man 1.870 .020* 1.106-3.164 .797 .596 .345-1.842 1.508 .403 .576-3.944
Housing          
   Housing in the community (ref) Reference level Reference level Reference level
   Residential care 1.093 .122 .398-3.003 1.374 .026* .399-4.731 2.525 .239 .730-8.720
   Nursing home .163 .041* .029-.932 8.219 .007** 1.767-38.229 2.699 .143 .408-17.844
Health status          
   Good health (ref) Reference level Reference level Reference level
Bad health .522 .013** .313-.870 4.774 .000** 2.223-10.254 4.511 .001*** 1.810-11.245
   Constant 0.32 .000   2.730 .046   .023 .000  
  1. OR = Odds Ratio
  2. *p < .05. **p < .01. *** p < .001.
  3. C.I.: 95% for OR