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Table 1 Comparison of sociodemographic, clinical characteristics, time for care and services, and needs between participants

From: Meeting the home-care needs of disabled older persons living in the community: does integrated services delivery make a difference?

AREA Area With ISD*
(n = 419)
Area Without ISD (n = 327) p value
Sociodemographic characteristics    
Age on January1, 2002 83.00 (4.71) § 82.16 (4.78) 0.018
Gender (Female) 271 (64.7%) 195 (59.6%) 0.158
Marital status (Widowed) 209 (50.0%) 151 (46.2%) 0.300
Living alone 137 (32.8%) 94 (28.8%) 0.238
Years of education 6.56 (2.98) 6.76 (3.30) 0.388
Living in collective dwelling 153 (36.5%) 80 (24.5%) < 0.001
Living Area    
   - Urban 171 (40.8%) 139 (42.5%)  
   - Semi-urban 114(27.2%) 93 (28.2%)  
   - Rural 134(32.0%) 95 (29.1%) 0.690
Having an informal caregiver 376 (89.7%) 297 (90.8%) 0.619
Clinical characteristics    
Disability (SMAF) 18.65 (11.35) 20.04 (12.94) 0.124
Cognitive functioning (MMSE) 25.32 (4.42) 23.96 (6.88) 0.002
Excellent or good health status † 256 (61.5%) 212 (65.2%) 0.301
Empowerment (HCEQ) 7.25 (2.26) 7.05 (2.38) 0.242
Time of care and services    
Total time received
(hours/day)
2.07 (1.03) 2.07 (1.15) 0.963
Time provided by the public sector (hours/day) 0.10 (0.30) 0.11 (0.32) 0.810
Time provided by the private sector (hours/day) 0.85 (0.94) 0.65 (0.83) 0.002
Time provided by the family (hours/day) 1.11 (0.88) 1.31 (1.10) 0.009
Needs and unmet needs    
% with needs 418 (99.8%) 324 (99.1%) 0.208
% with unmet needs
Unmet-needs score
283 (67.5%)
2.12 (2.48)
195 (59.6%)
1.89 (2.54)
0.025
0.02 Δ
  1. * ISD: integrated-service-delivery (ISD) network
  2. measured at wave two of the PRISMA study
  3. § Mean (SD) for continuous variables; n (%) for categorical variables.
  4. †Subjective health status compared to others of the same age.
  5. p value when comparing the two areas, using Student's t test for continuous variables or the Chi square test for categorical variables.
  6. Δ comparing log-transformed scores