
nonmultimorbid sample

multimorbid sample


age groups (years)

all mean (SD)

male mean (SD)

female mean (SD)

p value

all mean (SD)

male mean (SD)

female mean (SD)

p value


6569

3.5 (2.8)

3.2 (2.6)

3.9 (3.0)

p ≤ 0.001

6.0 (3.4)

5.7 (3.2)

6.4 (3.6)

p ≤ 0.001

7074

3.5 (2.7)

3.4 (2.7)

3.6 (2.8)

p ≤ 0.001

5.8 (3.3)

5.8 (3.2)

5.9 (3.5)

p ≤ 0.001

7579

3.4 (2.6)

3.5 (2.6)

3.4 (2.7)

p = 0.80

5.7 (3.3)

5.9 (3.3)

5.5 (3.3)

p ≤ 0.001

≥ 80

3.2 (2.5)

3.4 (2.7)

3.1 (2.3)

p ≤ 0.001

5.0 (3.1)

5.5 (3.2)

4.7 (2.9)

p ≤ 0.001

All

3.5 (2.7)

3.3 (2.6)

3.7 (2.8)

p ≤ 0.001

5.7 (3.3)

5.7 (3.2)

5.8 (3.4)

p ≤ 0.001

 SD = standard deviation

p = statistical significance of difference between means in women and men.