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Table 4 Group (RENEW and Usual Care) pre and post intervention mean values, within group mean change scores (95% CI) and effect size, and the ANCOVA group by time interaction F-score and p-value for the muscle size, muscle strength, muscle power and mobility outcomes

From: Eccentric exercise versus Usual-care with older cancer survivors: The impact on muscle and mobility- an exploratory pilot study

  RENEW   Usual Care
  Pre Post Change (95% CI) and Effect Size (ES) Interaction Group x Time F Score (p value) Pre Mean Post Mean Change (95% CI) and Effect Size (ES)
Quadriceps Lean Tissue Average Cross Sectional Area (cm2) 43.2 44.9 1.7 (1.1 to 2.3) ES = 0.16 14.5 (0.001)† 50.9 50.8 -0.1 (-0.8 to 0.6) ES = 0.01
Knee Extension Peak Strength (N) 248.3 275.4 27.1 (4.5 to 49.7) ES = 0.28 1.8 (0.19) 268.0 271 3.0 (-22.3 to 28.3) ES = 0.04
Leg Extension Muscle Power (W) 198.2 255.5 57.3 (24.4 to 90.2) ES = 0.71 3.6 (0.07) 239.3 258.4 19.1 (0.8 to 37.6) ES = 0.22
Six Minute Walk (m) 417.2 466.9 49.7 (26.0 to 73.4) ES = 0.39 5.0 (0.03)† 442.7 453.1 10.4 (-15.9 to 36.7) ES = 0.09
Stair Descent (s) 6.8 5.4 1.4 (0.5 to 2.4) ES = 0.40 4.7 (0.04)† 5.8 5.5 0.3 (-0.2 to 0.8) ES = 0.14
  1. † = Significant (p < 0.05) group by time interaction via an ANCOVA.