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Table 1 Descriptive characteristics of old people with (D+) and without (D-) dementia.

From: Dementia as a determinant of social and health service use in the last two years of life 1996-2003

  D+ D-  
N for all years 34 232 (23.5%) 111 712  
N by year of death    
   1998 7 408 (21.7%) 26 708  
   1999* 3 085 (22.2%) 10 811  
   2000* 3 124 (22.6%) 10 725  
   2001* 3 178 (23.2%) 10 539  
   2002 8 700 (24.3%) 27 121  
   2003 8 737 (25.3%) 25 808  
  Mean (SD) Mean (SD) p (t-test)
Average age 85.0 (6.4) 81.5 (7.0) <.001
Sum of diagnoses 2.0 (1.20) 2.3 (1.16) <.001
  % % p (Chi square -test)
Proportion of women 69.6 56.2 <.001
Diagnoses   
   Cancer 12.4 26.9 <.001
   Diabetes 13.0 15.1 <.001
   Mental 8.2 6.8 <.001
   Neurological 11.2 10.1 <.001
   Respiratory 51.9 43.1 <.001
   Arthritis 4.6 6.1 <.001
   Hip fracture 10.0 6.8 <.001
   Stroke 20.0 23.5 <.001
   Heart diseases 46.5 59.7 <.001
   Other circulatory 24.6 31.6 <.001
Proportion of users    
   Hospital 64.3 85.9 <.001
University hospital 15.1 29.5 <.001
General hospital 38.3 59.1 <.001
Health centre 38.5 51.4 <.001
   Long-term care 87.1 40.3 <.001
   Home care 14.5 19.2 <.001
Days in care among the users Mean (median) Mean (median) p (M-W U-test)
   Hospital 41 (25) 41 (30) <.001
University hospital 14 (7) 18 (10) <.001
General hospital 27 (10) 25 (15) <.001
Health centre 36 (32) 29 (23) <.001
   Long-term care 500 (608) 367 (325) <.001
  1. N = 145 944.
  2. *The sample includes 40% of decedents in this year.