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Table 1 Descriptive characteristics of the sample at baseline and CV risk factors at wave 2

From: The differential impact of subjective and objective aspects of social engagement on cardiovascular risk factors

Variable Percent/Mean (SD)
Social engagement  
   Social participation 1.23 (1.37)
   Social ties 6.42 (5.22)
   Emotional support 2.82 (3.51)
Demographic and socio-economic variables  
   Age (%)  
   50-60 years 37.27
   60-70 years 28.42
   70-80 years 22.49
   80+ years 11.82
   Mean Age 65.35 (10.60)
   Currently married (%) 66.70
   Female (%) 53.70
   Education: levels of education attained  
   tertiary 22.91
   secondary 27.87
   primary 40.50
   no education 8.72
Co-morbidity  
   Have Depression (8 items CES-D) 22.90
   No chronic disease* 60.21
   No CVD** 81.16
   No limitations with ADLs 70.10
Health Behaviours  
   Never smoked 82.46
   Physical activity  
   none 8.24
   light 15.75
   moderate 48.65
   vigorous 27.36
Cardiovascular variables  
   Systolic and diastolic blood pressure  
   Mean systolic BP (mmHg) 135.4 (19.0)
   Mean diastolic BP (mmHg) 74.9 (11.3)
   Hypertension (%) 38.78
   Body Mass Index (>30 kg/m2) 28.90
   Mean hsCRP (mg/l) 2.55 (2.16)
   Mean Fibrinogen (g/l) 3.2 (0.7)
  1. Note: For hsCRP and fibrinogen, n = 5884. For all other variables, n = 7433
  2. *chronic lung diasese, arthritis, osteoporosis, cancer, parkinson's disease
  3. **angina, diabetes, myocardial infection, stroke, heart failure, heart murmur, abnormal heart rhythm, valvular heart disease, ischaemic heart disease