Skip to main content

Advertisement

Springer Nature is making Coronavirus research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Table 2 Comparison of baseline characteristics between Wave 1 subjects with and without mortality data available (females).

From: A Frailty Instrument for primary care: findings from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE)

  Mortality data available
(N= 11,384)
Mortality data not available
(N= 5,920)
Significance of the difference (P)
Frailty variables    
Exhaustion: yes (%) 36.1 37.0 0.244χ
Weight loss: yes (%) 9.1 11.5 < 0.001 χ
Handgrip strength, Kg: mean (SD) 26.9 (7.4) 26.1 (7.8) < 0.001 μ
Slowness: yes (%) 16.7 19.3 < 0.001 χ
Low activity: hardly ever, or never (%) 12.3 18.1 < 0.001 χ
Frailty classes    
Non-frail (%) 68.5 63.6 < 0.001 χ
Pre-frail (%) 25.0 27.6 0.001 χ
Frail (%) 6.5 8.9 < 0.001 χ
Sociodemographic    
Age: mean (SD) 63.6 (10.9) 63.8 (11.4) 0.627μ
Years of education: mean (SD) 9.4 (4.5) 9.3 (4.4) 0.499μ
Physical    
Self-rated health (best:1; worst:5): mean (SD) 3.0 (1.1) 3.1 (1.1) < 0.001 μ
No. chronic diseases: mean (SD) 1.6 (1.5) 1.6 (1.5) 0.057μ
No. symptoms: mean (SD) 1.7 (1.7) 1.7 (1.8) 0.057μ
No. contacts with doctor in last year: mean (SD) 6.8 (9.7) 8.3 (11.9) < 0.001 μ
Admitted to hospital in last year (%) 12.4 12.9 0.287χ
Functional    
No. limitations with ADLs: mean (SD) 0.22 (0.80) 0.27 (0.93) 0.054μ
No. limitations with IADLs: mean (SD) 0.39 (1.08) 0.50 (1.22) < 0.001 μ
Received home care: personal/nursing (%) 5.1 4.4 0.046χ
Received home care: domestic tasks (%) 6.5 7.5 0.023χ
Psychological and cognitive    
EURO-D score (min: 0; max: 12) (SD) 2.7 (2.3) 2.8 (2.5) 0.057μ
Verbal fluency test score: mean (SD) 18.8 (7.3) 17.9 (7.6) < 0.001 μ
Delayed word recall score: mean (SD) 3.6 (2.1) 3.2 (2.0) < 0.001 μ
  1. χ Chi-squared test; μ Mann-Whitney U test. Significant P values (< 0.01) are indicated in bold.