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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of nursing home residents in the cohort

From: A prospective study of symptoms, function, and medication use during acute illness in nursing home residents: design, rationale and cohort description

  Total
(n = 76)
JJP VA
(n = 46)
JHL
(N = 30)
Age (mean (SD)) 74.4 (11.9) 69.4 (10.8) 82.0 (9.4)
Female 31.6 2.2 76.7
Race    
   White 57.9 45.7 76.7
   Black 29.0 43.5 6.7
   Hispanic 11.8 10.9 13.3
Comorbid Conditions (%)    
   CHF 25.0 17.4 36.7
   COPD 27.6 32.6 20.0
   Stroke 15.8 15.2 16.7
   Dementia 40.8 21.7 70.0
   Depression 38.2 37.0 26.7
   Falls 52.6 41.3 70.0
Medications (total no. ± SD) 7.6 ± 3.2 8.0 ± 3.6 6.8 ± 2.6
CNS Medications (%)    
Antidepressants 25 22 30
Anti-psychotic medications 17 17 17
Opioids 33 30 37
Any combination of 2 or more 25 30 16
Duration of NH residence
(Median, Inter Quartile Range)
153
(55,563)
74
(36, 233)
250
(107, 729)
Number of hospitalization in the year prior to enrollment ± SD 1.2 ± 1.1 1.5 ± 1.2 0.7 ± 0.5
Number of acute illness episodes (per resident per year) 1.5 ± 2.0 1.7 ± 2.2 1.0 ± 1.3
Function (MDS-ADL) 2.3 ± 2.1 2.2 ± 2.3 2.4 ± 2.0
Cognitive function (MDS-CPS) 1.1 ± 1.6 1.0 ± 1.8 1.3 ± 1.5
Depression (GDS-15) 5.2 ± 4.4 5.5 ± 4.4 4.8 ± 4.5
Pain (0-10 scale) 4.7 ± 3.6 5.5 ± 3.3 3.4 ± 3.7
Psychosis and disturbed behavior (CMAI) 35.8 ± 8.1 35.9 ± 7.9 35.7 ± 8.6