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Table 4 Relationship of socio-demographic characteristics and health-related characteristics with injurious fall types

From: Relationship between location and activity in injurious falls: an exploratory study

  Type 1*Number (%) Type 2Number (%) Type 3 Number (%) Type 4§ Number (%) P-value
Distribution of participants within fall types 32 (9.6) 116 (34.8) 38 (11.4) 147 (44.1)  
Socio-demographic characteristics      
Age      0.036
   % <80 year 22 (8.6) 82 (32.0) 28 (10.9) 124 (48.4)  
   % ≥80 year 10 (13.0) 34 (44.2) 10 (13.0) 23 (29.9)  
Gender      0.121
   % Female 21 (9.2) 80 (35.1) 20 (8.8) 107 (46.9)  
   % Male 11 (10.5) 36 (34.3) 18 (17.1) 40 (38.1)  
Living situation      0.850
   % Living alone 14 (9.7) 48 (33.3) 15 (10.4) 67 (46.5)  
   % Living with a partner 18 (9.6) 68 (36.2) 23 (12.2) 79 (42.0)  
Level of education      0.748
   % ≤primary school 10 (10.6) 33 (35.1) 13 (13.8) 38 (40.4)  
   % >primary school 22 (9.2) 83 (34.7) 25 (10.5) 109 (45.6)  
Health-related characteristics      
Fear of falling      0.981
   % ≥sometimes 22 (9.7) 80 (35.4) 26 (11.5) 98 (43.4)  
   % ≤almost never 10 (9.3) 36 (33.6) 12 (11.2) 49 (45.8)  
Activity avoidance      0.044
   % ≥sometimes 20 (10.9) 71 (38.8) 24 (13.1) 68 (37.2)  
   % ≤almost never 12 (8.0) 45 (30.0) 14 (9.3) 79 (52.7)  
Perceived health (≥good)      0.546
   % ≥good 31 (10.3) 105 (34.8) 33 (10.9) 133 (44.0)  
   % ≤moderate 1 (3.2) 11 (35.5) 5 (16.1) 14 (45.2)  
  1. *Type 1: Indoor falls in the hall and bathroom, during lavatory visit
  2. †Type 2: Indoor falls (at other locations than the hall and bathroom), during ADL
  3. ‡Type 3: Outdoor falls near the home, predominantly during IADL
  4. §Type 4: Outdoor falls away from home, occurring during mobility-related activities
  5. Row totals add up to 100% for each of the categories listed