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Table 3 Relationship of causes and consequences of the fall with injurious fall types

From: Relationship between location and activity in injurious falls: an exploratory study

  Type 1*Number (%) Type 2Number (%) Type 3 Number (%) Type 4§ Number (%) P-value
Distribution of participants within fall types 32 (9.6) 116 (34.8) 38 (11.4) 147 (44.1)  
Causes of the fall      0.000
   Intrinsic cause 21 (18.8) 49 (43.8) 13 (11.6) 29 (25.9)  
   Extrinsic cause 3 (1.8) 50 (29.6) 20 (11.8) 96 (56.8)  
Consequences      
Injury (major injury versus minor injury)      0.622
   % Major injury 16 (8.9) 58 (32.2) 22 (12.2) 84 (46.7)  
   %Minor injury 16 (10.5) 58 (41.2) 16 (10.5) 63 (41.2)  
Injury (fracture versus no fracture)      0.172
   %Fracture 12 (9.9) 33 (27.3) 15 (12.4) 61 (50.4)  
   % No fracture 20 (9.4) 83 (39.2) 23 (10.8) 86 (40.6)  
Recuperation from the fall      0.755
   %≥reasonable 21 (8.9) 83 (35.2) 25 (10.6) 107 (45.3)  
   %≤moderate 11 (11.3) 33 (34.0) 13 (13.4) 40 (41.2)  
  1. *Type 1: Indoor falls in the hall and bathroom, during lavatory visit
  2. †Type 2: Indoor falls (at other locations than the hall and bathroom), during ADL
  3. ‡Type 3: Outdoor falls near the home, predominantly during IADL
  4. §Type 4: Outdoor falls away from home, occurring during mobility-related activities
  5. Row totals add up to 100% for each of the categories listed