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Table 2 Mean change for variables of interest.

From: Changes in executive functions and self-efficacy are independently associated with improved usual gait speed in older women

Variable * BAT (n = 42)
Mean (SD)
1× RT (n = 47)
Mean (SD)
2 × RT (n = 46)
Mean (SD)
Total (N = 135)
Mean (SD)
Δ Dominant Quadriceps Strength (kg) ** 7.1 (7.0) 6.4 (9.1) 8.1 (6.4) 7.2 (7.6)
Δ Stroop CW - Stroop C (sec) 0.26 (17.12) 6.22 (22.31) 5.01 (13.75) 3.94 (18.21)
Δ Trail B - Trail A (sec) 8.64 (32.15) 7.30 (30.36) 10.96 (36.92) 8.97 (33.06)
Δ Digit Forward - Digit Backward -0.64 (2.70) 0.06 (2.54) -0.47 (2.24) -0.34 (2.50)
Δ Gait Speed (m/sec) ** 0.22 (0.18) 0.19 (0.19) 0.24 (0.16) 0.22 (0.18)
Δ ABC Scale Score (%) ** 2.83 (9.91) 2.26 (10.27) -1.37 (10.60) 1.19 (10.37)
  1. * BAT = Balance and Tone; 1× RT = once-weekly resistance training; 2 × RT = twice-weekly resistance training; Stroop CW = Stroop colour-words condition; Stroop C = Stroop coloured-X's condition; m/sec = meters per second; ABC = Activities-Specific Balance Confidence.
  2. ** Mean change = final value minus baseline value. Positive change indicates improvement.
  3. Mean change = baseline value minus final value. Positive change indicates improvement.