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Table 1 Characteristics of patients and caregivers

From: Counsellors contact dementia caregivers - predictors of utilisation in a longitudinal study

Variables Total sample (n = 97) Subgroup I: No or only one personal contact (n = 62) Mean (SD)/n (%) Subgroup II: More than one personal contact (n = 35) Mean (SD)/n (%) p
Patient's age 80.7 (6.2) 80.8 (5.8) 80.5 (6.9) .861
Caregiver's age* 60.8 (13.8) 56.9 (13.1) 67.6 (12.6) < .001
Patient's sex (female) 67 (69%) 46 (74%) 21 (60%) .146
Caregiver's sex (female)* 68 (70%) 47 (81%) 21 (64%) .066
Employed caregiver* 31 (32%) 27 (47%) 5 (15%) .001
Relationship (caregiver to patient)***:
Spouse
Son/Daughter (-in-law)
Others
33 (34%)
47 (49%)
12 (12%)
15 (25%)
36 (61%)
8 (14%)
18 (55%)
11 (33%)
4 (12%)
.016
Hours spent on ADLs (RUD)** 1.8 (2.1) 1.25 (1.7) 2.7 (2.4) .004
Hours spent on IADLs (RUD)*** 2.0 (2.1) 1.5 (1.6) 2.7 (2.5) .017
Hours spent supervising patient activities (RUD)* 2.1 (3.7) 1.4 (3.5) 3.3 (3.9) .022
Subjective Burden (Burden Scale for Family Carers)** 24.4 (16.6) 22.2 (17.5) 38.4 (14.4) .088
Functional independence (Barthel Index)** 70.1 (28.6) 74.2 (27.4) 62.5 (29.6) .062
Cognitive decline (MMST) 18.5 (3.9) 19.3 (3.8) 16.9 (3.7) .003
Instrumental activities of daily living (NOSGER subscale IADL)*** 15.8 (5.8) 15.1 (5.6) 17.0 (6.1) .135
Disturbing behaviour (NOSGER: subscale disturbing behaviour)* 9.6 (3.7) 9.1 (3.7) 10.4 (3.7) .095
Number of comorbidities 3.2 (1.5) 3.5 (1.5) 3.2 (1.5) .566
Presence of psychiatric symptoms+ (depression, anxiety, delusion) 38 (39%) 27 (44%) 11 (31%) .240
Presence of behavioural symptoms+ (aggression, roaming, insomnia, agitation) 58 (60%) 38 (61%) 20 (57%) .689
  1. *Valid cases: Total number n = 91/Subgroup I n = 58/Subgroup II n = 33
  2. **Valid cases: 91/59/32
  3. ***Valid cases: 92/59/33
  4. + One or more symptoms present