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Table 3 Adjusted associations with mortality within 30 days of initial hospitalization for community acquired pneumonia.

From: Predictors of inhospital mortality and re-hospitalization in older adults with community-acquired pneumonia: a prospective cohort study

Factors Mortalitya Mortalityb
  OR (95% CI) P OR (95% CI) P
Lower socioeconomic status (Education < high school) 0.99 (0.51, 1.92) 983 0.98 (0.50, 1.91) 953
Influenza vaccination 1.36 (0.57, 3.21) 488 1.21 (0.51, 2.89) 660
Pneumococcal vaccination 0.64 (0.32, 1.27) 203 0.66 (0.33, 1.32) 243
Appropriate antibiotic use 1.71 (0.65, 4.52) 281 1.84 (0.69, 4.91) 220
Nutrition score 0.85 (0.68, 1.06)c 145 0.85 (0.68, 1.06)c 142
Lower functional status (Barthel score ≤ 17) 0.72 (0.33, 1.60) 423 0.70 (0.31, 1.56) 381
Hip Fracture 4.00 (1.46, 10.96) 007 4.27 (1.50, 12.18) 007
COPD 2.31 (1.18, 4.50) 014 2.25 (1.15, 4.39) 018
Cerebrovascular disease 2.11 (1.03, 4.31) 040 2.30 (1.11, 4.76) 025
  1. aMortality within 30 days vs. alive at 30 days of hospital admission
  2. bMortality within 30 days vs. discharged alive within 30 days of hospital admission (excluding those who remained in the hospitals for more than 30 days)
  3. cOdds ratio for 5 points increment in score