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Table 3 Hazard Ratios and 95% Confidence Intervals for Adjusted Self-Rated Health Models Predicting Mortality; the Australian Longitudinal Study of Ageing, 1992 - 2004 (N = 1733)

From: The choice of self-rated health measures matter when predicting mortality: evidence from 10 years follow-up of the Australian longitudinal study of ageing

  Independent SRH Models Concurrent SRH Model
  Global SRH Age-Comparative SRH Self-Comparative SRH Full Model
Global (TV)     
- poora 3.37*** 2.44, 4.65    2.83*** 2.02, 3.98
- faira 1.94*** 1.42, 2.65    1.80*** 1.31, 2.48
- gooda 1.47* 1.08, 2.00    1.43* 1.05, 1.95
- very gooda 1.21 0.88, 1.66    1.19 0.87, 1.64
Age-Comp (TV)     
- worseb   1.94*** 1.58, 2.38   1.41** 1.14, 1.74
- sameb   1.13 0.99, 1.29   1.02 0.89, 1.16
Self-Comp (TV)     
- not as goodc    1.09 0.90, 1.32 0.91 0.74, 1.12
- samec    0.72** 0.59, 0.88 0.75** 0.61, 0.93
Male 1.61*** 1.42, 1.84 1.65*** 1.45, 1.87 1.64*** 1.44, 1.87 1.62*** 1.42, 1.84
<$12 000d 0.74 0.47, 1.18 0.76 0.48, 1.22 0.73 0.45, 1.16 0.78 0.49, 1.25
$12 001 - $20 000d 1.02 0.64, 1.62 1.01 0.64, 1.61 0.97 0.61, 1.55 1.05 0.66, 1.68
$20 001 - $30 000d 0.85 0.52, 1.38 0.83 0.51, 1.36 0.80 0.48, 1.30 0.89 0.55, 1.46
$30 001 - $50 000d 1.11 0.67, 1.85 1.10 0.66, 1.83 1.04 0.62, 1.73 1.14 0.68, 1.91
≥15 Years Education e 0.93 0.83, 1.05 0.92 0.82, 1.04 0.92 0.82, 1.04 0.93 0.82, 1.04
Partnered (TV) f 0.20*** 0.17, 0.25 0.21*** 0.17, 0.25 0.21*** 0.17, 0.26 0.20*** 0.17, 0.25
Residential Care (TV) g 0.84 0.72, 0.99 0.82* 0.71, 0.96 0.83* 0.71, 0.98 0.86 0.74, 1.00
Age (TV) 1.07*** 1.06, 1.08 1.07*** 1.06, 1.08 1.07*** 1.06, 1.08 1.07*** 1.06, 1.08
Smokerh 1.61*** 1.31, 1.98 1.58*** 1.28, 1.94 1.71*** 1.40, 2.11 1.62*** 1.32, 2.00
Ex Smokerh 1.13 0.99, 1.29 1.12 0.98, 1.28 1.14 1.00, 1.31 1.12 0.98, 1.28
Number of Conditions (TV) 0.96*** 0.94, 0.98 0.96** 0.94, 0.99 0.96** 0.94, 0.99 0.95*** 0.93, 0.98
Number of Medications (TV) 1.04** 1.01, 1.06 1.05*** 1.03, 1.07 1.05*** 1.02, 1.07 1.04** 1.01, 1.06
ADL (TV) 1.08*** 1.05, 1.11 1.11*** 1.08, 1.14 1.11*** 1.08, 1.14 1.08*** 1.05, 1.11
IADL (TV) 1.01 0.98, 1.04 1.01 0.98, 1.04 1.00 0.98, 1.03 1.00 0.98, 1.03
MMSE (TV) 0.98* 0.97, 1.00 0.99* 0.97, 1.00 0.98** 0.97, 0.99 0.98* 0.97, 1.00
Depressive Symptoms (TV) 1.00 0.99, 1.01 1.00 0.99, 1.01 1.01 1.00, 1.01 1.00 0.99, 1.00
Null-2LL 16548.62 16548.62 16548.62 16548.62
-2LL 15367.35 15452.53 15446.04 15346.16
AIC 15415.35 15500.53 15494.04 15394.16
BIC 15445.08 15530.26 15523.77 15423.89
  1. Note: TV = Time-Varying Variables; ADL = Activities of Daily Living; IADL = Instrumental Activities of Daily Living; MMSE = Mini Mental State Examination Score; LL = log likelihood; AIC = Akaike Information Criterion; BIC = Bayesian Information Criteria. Reference Category a - "Excellent"; b & c - "Better"; d -Income at baseline of $50 000 or more per year;e- ≤ 14 Years Education;f - Not Partnered;g - Community Dwelling;h -Non-smoker at baseline. ***p < .001; **p < .01; *p < .05.