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Table 3 Comparison of adjusted means in chair stand time, usual walking speed, rapid walking speed and grip strength among native Japanese, Japanese-Americans and Caucasians.

From: Comparison of performance-based measures among native Japanese, Japanese-Americans in Hawaii and Caucasian women in the United States, ages 65 years and over: a cross-sectional study

  Native Japanese Japanese-Americans Caucasians
  No. Mean SE No. Mean SE No. Mean SE
Chair stand time (sec)
   Unadjusted 163 8.5 0.35 650 8.8 0.18 9342 12.4 a,b 0.05
   Age 163 8.8 0.34 650 8.1 0.17 9342 12.5 a,b 0.04
   Age, height, weight 163 9.9 0.32 637 9.0a 0.17 7969 12.1 a,b 0.05
   Age, BMI 163 9.1 0.32 637 8.5 0.16 7969 12.2 a,b 0.05
Usual walking speed (m/sec)
   Unadjusted 163 1.01 0.02 680 1.07a 0.01 8040 0.90 a,b 0.002
   Age 163 1.00 0.02 680 1.11a 0.01 8040 0.90 a,b 0.002
   Age, height, weight 163 1.01 0.02 666 1.12a 0.01 7992 0.90 a,b 0.002
   Age, BMI 163 0.97 0.02 666 1.09a 0.01 7992 0.90 a,b 0.002
Rapid walking speed (m/sec)
   Unadjusted 162 1.32 0.02 678 1.43a 0.01 8039 1.28b 0.003
   Age 162 1.30 0.02 678 1.49a 0.01 8039 1.28 b 0.003
   Age, height, weight 162 1.30 0.02 664 1.49a 0.01 7991 1.28 b 0.003
   Age, BMI 162 1.25 0.02 664 1.46a 0.01 7991 1.28b 0.003
Grip strength (kg)
   Unadjusted 163 24.1 0.36 681 19.3a 0.18 9403 21.7a,b 0.05
   Age 163 23.8 0.34 681 20.1 a 0.17 9403 21.6a,b 0.05
   Age, height, weight 163 26.3 0.34 666 21.8a 0.18 8005 21.5a 0.05
   Age, BMI 163 24.2 0.34 666 20.3a 0.17 8005 21.7a,b 0.05
  1. a; p < 0.05 compared to native Japanese. b; p < 0.05 compared to Japanese-Americans.